Software Livre e Propriedade Intelectual: Aspectos Jurídicos, Licenças e Modelos de Negócio

Fabio KonNelson LagoPaulo MeirellesVanessa Sabino

Free, Libre, and Open Source Software (FLOSS) has increasingly been shown to be aviable alternative for the production, distribution, and usage of quality software in severalacademic, cientific, business, government, and commercial environments. Nonetheless,business and contract models traditionally used in the contemporary society are not perfectlysuited for the typical mechanisms by which free software is produced, distributed,and used. This chapter discusses how specific characteristics of FLOSS affect its usageby individuals, companies, and governments and, in particular, it focuses on how thesecharacteristics affect business models within the software industry. The chapter presentsa short historical perspective and description of the movement's dynamics and describessome of the major FLOSS licences and their consequences. It discusses the opportunitiesand difficulties on the interaction with the community, and the major business modelsassociated with FLOSS, with examples of successful approaches.

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